A Korean house is built with a rooms and a big wooden floor in the center. Houses from other lands are usually simple frame houses but they have either rooms only, or just a wooden floor. In Northern regions houses are closed private homes called “umjib” and in Southern regions houses are open and are in a hut-like form. You can easily spot traditional houses in Kahwaedong. It used to be a wealthy district where aristocrats used to live. explore and be amazed how this traditional site can be situated along with modernized buildings.
마루 wooden floor (maru)
The wooden floor was made to store grains and link rooms. It was also used as a place of sacrificial ancestral worship. To avoid the humidity and heat during the summer, the wooden floor is made so it doesnt touch the ground. So it helps ventilation in the house. It is not known exactly why and how the “maru” came to be, but scholars say it was to prevent the heat in southern areas of Korea. Its key use was to help ventilate the house.
온돌 Under-floor heating system (Ondol)
Made by putting mud over under-floor heating stones, “ondol” is a main feature of traditional Korean houses.Iflighted on the morning and evening, it witheld a pleasant l5 degree Celcius. This shows that the “ondol” system is quite based on scientific terms. These days steam heating is used more than ‘ondol’.
기와 tile roof (kiwa)
If you look closely atKorea’s roofs, you’ll see the no roofs are flat. Almost all are in shapes of curved lines and surfaces. The curves of the roof shows the originality of Korean architecture. It is not known when tiles were first used. Before using tiles (kiwa) people had used plates of wood and bark but most were covered with bundles of grass. The tiles were made so the roofs could be slanted and was useless in making flat roofs. If the angle of the roof was exact, it was easier to drain away rain water. The size and shape of the tiles affected the angle of the roof and the angle is determined by the weather conditions of a cenain region.The kiwas or tiles, were made of clay from the rice paddy fields.Different shapes and sizes were used for each different places of the roof.
Kind of Korean traditional house
Makjib is made from Tree branches and leaves, leather in Siwon Dynasty.
Semi-basement is made by thatch to over it. In it is used from from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age.
Choka Jib is made from rice straw or reed.
Kiwa is made from roasted refined clay and tiles.
Neowajib is made from a collection of red pine bark roof.
Kwitueljib is faked to made from logs.